Carbon 14 dating be

Cosmic rays enter the earth's atmosphere in large numbers every day and when one collides with an atom in the atmosphere, it can create a secondary cosmic ray in the form of an energetic neutron.

When these energetic neutrons collide with a nitrogen-14 (seven protons, seven neutrons) atom it turns into a carbon-14 atom (six protons, eight neutrons) and a hydrogen atom (one proton, zero neutrons).

It was developed right after World War II by Willard F.

Animals and people take in carbon-14 by eating the plants.

The ratio of normal carbon (carbon-12) to carbon-14 in the air and in all living things at any given time is nearly constant.

One of the most common elements in the universe, carbon is now utilized in many ways. It is classified with group 14 of the periodic table.

The following are some of the common applications of this non-metallic element.

As carbon dioxide, it can be found in dry ice, fire extinguishers, carbonated and fizzy drinks.

Vegetal carbon is sometimes used as a gas absorbent or bleaching agent. Application of Carbon Element Graphite is one of the three carbon allotropes. It is used in steel processing, pencil lead and lubricant.

Since Nitrogen gas makes up about 78 percent of the Earth's air, by volume, a considerable amount of Carbon-14 is produced.

The carbon-14 atoms combine with oxygen to form carbon dioxide, which plants absorb naturally and incorporate into plant fibers by photosynthesis.

This flexibility makes carbon very adaptable in many industries. Safety Issues Basic carbon poses no threat to humans.

But some forms can be toxic including carbon monoxide.

It may also be combined with other lethal elements. It is invulnerable to chemical attack or dissolution. However, anyone who wants to learn the uses of carbon has to learn proper safety precautions.

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